'Kumquat' - Fortunella sp. Available in 15 Gallon and B&B
Kumquats are rounded, densely branched little trees rarely exceeding 8-10 ft (2.4-3.1 m) in height. The evergreen leaves are glossy, 2-3 in (5.1-7.6 cm) long and half as wide. The fragrant flowers appear in late spring, and are followed by showy bright orange sweet/sour fruits in fall. The fruits of nagami kumquats are oblong, about 2 in (5.1 cm) long, with sweet rinds and sour interiors. Meiwa kumquats have round fruit, about 1.5 in (3.8 cm) in diameter with sour rinds and sweet pulp. Two other species of kumquats with smaller fruits are rarely seen in the US.
Culture Like most citrus varieties, kumquats can be started from seed, but are usually grafted onto special rootstocks in order to confer particular characteristics such as disease resistance, increased cold hardiness, or faster maturation. Unless you live where winter temperatures never fall below 10-15ºF (-12.2 - -9.4ºC), you should plant kumquats and other citrus varieties where they will be convenient to protect, preferably on the south side of a heated building. If a hard freeze is predicted, simply cover the tree with a blanket and burn a light bulb inside the "tent." Kumquats do best in full sun, but they will produce under a large oak or pine, where they get additional freeze protection. Kumquats are among the easiest fruit trees to maintain. Once established, they shouldn't need supplemental watering and they won't need spraying. Even the squirrels don't seem to bother them! Light Does best in full sun, but does pretty well in partial sun. Moisture Provide average moisture. Water during dry periods while in bloom or fruit is developing. Hardiness USDA Zones 8 - 10. They are among the most cold-hardy of the edible citrus varieties being hardy to 10ºF (-12.2ºC), and can be grown throughout the Gulf Coast in USDA zone 9 and lower zone 8, needing protection on only the coldest nights. Propagation Grafting onto hardy rootstock.
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Aventura Nursery and Landscape, Inc. email@example.com 10079 County Line Rd. Spring Hill, FL 34608 18332 Ayers Rd. Brooksville, FL 34604 (352) 799-3200 (352) 799-3260